Rome, Italy

What do Florence, Flamingo tongues and the largest university in Europe all have in common? It can’t be Rome, surely?

1. Modern Rome has 280 fountains and more than 900 churches

2. Nearly 700,000 euros worth of coins are tossed into Rome’s Trevi Fountain each year. The proceeds are donated to Caritas to help those in need

3. The Romans had built a road network of 53,000 miles by the early fourth century. Each Roman mile was about 4,800 feet and marked by a milestone, giving birth to the saying “All roads lead to Rome.”

4. In Ancient Rome, only free-born men were allowed to wear togas, a sign of Roman citizenship. Women wore stolas, the female version of togas, made from linen.

5. The mascot of Rome is a she-wolf that cared for brothers Romulus and Remus, the mythological founders of Rome

6. Rome became the capital city of unified Italy in 1870, taking the title from Florence

7. Law in Rome allows cats to live without disruption in the place they were born. Wild cats can be climbing the walls of the Colosseum, and sleeping among the ruins of the Forum

8. Women in ancient Rome dyed their hair with goat fat and beech wood ashes. The most popular colours were red and blond

9. The first ever shopping mall was built in Rome between 107 and 110 AD by Emperor Trajan. It sold a wide variety of goods and grocery items

10. Rome’s first university, La Sapienza, established in 1303 AD, is the largest in Europe and the second largest in the world

11. Rome has a museum dedicated entirely to pasta

12. St Peter’s basilica inside Vatican City is the largest church ever constructed.

13. Rome was founded in 735 BC

14. In Ancient Rome, it was common for citizens to vomit between their meals so they could continue to eat more

15. The last documented gladiator fight took place in 435 AD

16. Throughout the battles at the Colosseum, it is estimated that over 500,000 people and 1 million wild animals were killed

17. Contrary to popular belief, Roman Gladiators rarely fought to the death. Instead they were considered celebrities

18. In ancient Rome, Flamingo tongues were considered a popular delicacy

19. The symbol SPQR, which is found all over the city of Rome, stands for “Senatus Populusque Romanus” which means, “The senate and the people of Rome”

20. Gladiator Blood was used for a number of medical problems in ancient Rome.